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The RCP Program is a child-focused, parent-driven, family-centered, and community-led comprehensive approach that begins with pregnancy, continues through the 1

S E P T E M B E R 2 0 2 0
IN UKWEGA WARD,
RURAL TANZANIA
Akili ni mali
– Knowledge
is wealth.
SWAHILI
PROVERB
On average, all children enrolled for at least 18 months improved
from being nearly severely stunted (-2.62 SD) to being not
stunted (-1.75 SD).
On average, stunted children enrolled for at least 18 months
improved from being severely stunted (-4.08 SD) to being not
stunted (-1.86 SD).
REMARKABLE RESULTS:
After the first two years of Global
Volunteers' Reaching Children's
Potential (RCP) Demonstration
Program in Tanzania (July 2017
through July 2019), children showed
statistically significant reductions in
stunting.
Stunting decreased by 7 percentage
points (from 37.4% to 30%) in children
enrolled in the program for at least 18
months - a 20% reduction.
RCP IMPACT REPORT
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
SEPTEMBER 2020
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2017
2017
2019
2019
Of all children who were stunted when
first enrolled, 62% were not stunted
after 18 months.*
Of all children who were severely
stunted when first enrolled, 39%
were not stunted after 18 months.*
2017
*This is especially important because the severity of stunting normally increases substantially as
children get older, escalating in these villages from 23% at three months old to 62% at 24 months.
2019
Data analysis by Mindy Lull, Ph. D., Dana Cohan, Pharm.D., and Courtney Dudla, Pharm.D.
Candidate, St. John Fisher College Wegmans School of Pharmacy, in process of publication
2017
2019
30%
37%
reduction
Childhood stunting is rooted in poverty. It severely impairs
cognition, adversely affects the ability to learn and earn, and
perpetuates generational poverty. In Tanzania, stunting affects
nearly 40% of rural children, permanently shattering their
future. Stunted children struggle to learn and experience serious
physical ailments throughout life.
Stunting is wholly preventable. Children who have sufficient
food and nutrition and are protected from infectious disease
develop normally. They are not stunted. They benefit from
enhanced cognition, better health, and a substantially greater
ability to learn and earn. They have a greater capability to
contribute to society.
STUNTING
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On the top of a mountain and at the end of the road, parents
in remote Tanzanian villages accomplished what on the
surface seemed impossible. They reduced stunting in their
children by 7 percentage points in 18 months. As a
comparison, it took 15 years (2005-2020) to achieve a 7
percent drop in all of Africa.
How did they do this?
Can it be replicated?
Is it scalable?
It’s all about the parents. Together, they embraced Global
Volunteers’ Reaching Children’s Potential (RCP) Demonstration
Program, where they gained the knowledge, tools, and
support they needed to confidently change their behavior,
and ensure their children’s health and growth. The RCP
Program invests in children’s and mothers' nutrition, health,
and education focusing on the first 1,000 days of life to
address the root causes of stunting. All program components
are implemented and directed by local people with the
catalytic assistance and support of local staff and short-term
volunteers. Parents want to improve their children’s lives and
volunteers want to help them. This makes the RCP Program
both replicable and scalable.
THE POWER OF PARENTS
Childhood stunting is a “silent tragedy”
affecting families all over the world. And, while
it’s seldom covered on broadcast or print news, it’s
as serious as any major problem facing the world
today. This is the issue the Reaching Children’s
Potential Program directly addresses.
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The first 1,000 days of life conception
through the second birthday – are the
foundation of children’s health, growth,
and neuro-development. This brief
window determines every child's future.
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OVERVIEW AND SCOPE
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School and Household Gardens
Child Nutrition
Micronutrient Supplementation
Improved Stoves
The RCP Program is a child-focused, parent-driven, family-centered, and
community-led comprehensive approach that begins with pregnancy,
continues through the 18th birthday, and focuses on the first 1,000 days. This
program offers parents the tools to deliver the 12 essential services
prescribed by UN agencies in the Essential Package. Global Volunteers
organized these services into three major categories – eradicating Hunger,
improving Health, and enhancing Cognition. Hunger and Health directly
support Cognition.
Eradicate Hunger
1.
2.
3.
4.
Improve Health
5. Health, Nutrition, and Hygiene Education
6. Systematic Deworming
7. HIV and AIDS Education
8. Malaria and Dengue Fever Prevention
Enhance Congnition
9. General Education
10. Promoting Girls’ Education
11. Potable Water and Sanitary Latrines
12. Psychosocial Support
RCP IMPACT REPORT SEPTEMBER 2020
Parents work hand-in-hand with local staff and short-term volunteers through
educational workshops, regular home visits, access to a modern community-
based health clinic, packaged nutritious meals, supplemental micronutrients,
and a host of relevant food production and health-related household
technologies. This combination of services addresses the whole child through
the 18th birthday by providing parents knowledge, tools, and support.
The RCP demonstration provides proof of concept for a comprehensive
community-based program that addresses the multi-generational cycle of
poverty by eliminating stunting. Poverty substantially limits food, nutrition,
and protection from disease for children, all of which cause stunting. Stunting
results in reduced intellectual capacity and ill health. Reduced intellectual
capacity significantly lowers economic productivity. Lower economic activity
prolongs poverty.
Eliminate stunting. Dramatically reduce poverty.
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RCP IMPACT REPORT SEPTEMBER 2020
Short-term volunteer professionals, working
through Global Volunteers’ RCP Program, provide
the knowledge, technology, and encouragement
parents need to improve their children’s future.
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Maternal & Child Health Clinic Operations
The Ipalamwa General Health Clinic serves 10 communities in the
Ukwega, Mlafu, and Kising’a wards in Kilolo district. Focus of care
concentrates on children’s and women’s health and wellness, and
includes general and preventative medicine.
Nutrition Program
Two prepackaged nutritious meals and micronutrient supplements
are provided daily to pregnant women, mothers, their babies, and
school-age children. To promote food self-sufficiency, ongoing
nutrition education and food producing technologies and training
are offered to all RCP families.
Parents Educational Workshops
Volunteer professionals transfer health, hygiene, nutrition, and
child-rearing knowledge to parents through interactive workshops
focusing on the “how” to help families navigate and maximize the
first 1,000 days and beyond. The goals are to explain why certain
behaviors and technologies are important for their young children
and demonstrate ways to adopt and apply them.
Home Visits
RCP staff and volunteer professionals conduct regular home visits
to reinforce knowledge learned during workshops, help families
adopt new household technologies, and offer parents psychosocial
support.
Life-Enhancing Technologies
Household handwashing stations, container gardens, fuel-efficient
vented cookstoves, chicken coops, bed nets, and rainwater
harvesting systems improve quality of life and help control
infectious disease. All RCP families currently have access to
household handwashing stations, and many have container
gardens. As funding permits, all other technologies will be added.
Women's Co-ops
Village cooperatives produce and market a variety of handmade
and homegrown/raised products to generate income and increase
women's access to enterprise ownership.
RCP directly contributes to 10 United Nations SDGs and supports all others.
RCP IMPACT REPORT
COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH
SEPTEMBER 2020
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Parents the world over want
what is best for their children.
When they know what to do to
keep their children healthy, have
access to relevant technology,
and are supported in their
efforts to apply the knowledge
and embrace the technology,
their children are not stunted.
When educated, those children
will realize their full potential
and the entire world will benefit.
THE POWER OF LOCAL LEADERS
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RCP is conducted in partnership with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in
Tanzania (ELCT). For more than 30 years, Global Volunteers, a non-sectarian
INGO, and the ELCT have worked together in facilitating and catalyzing
human and economic development in the Iringa region. In many Tanzanian
communities, faith-based organizations play a major role in daily life. The
Lutheran Bishop and other denominations' pastors encourage local leaders
to invite Global Volunteers to conduct the RCP Program in their villages.
Local people must always be in charge of community development projects
because they are the only ones who can ensure lasting effect. The Tanzania
RCP Program functions under the leadership of the Ward Executive Officer, in
cooperation with the District Commissioner, and at the behest of village
leaders and parents. It is the parents who do the “heavy lifting.” They must
acquire the knowledge, modify behavior, and embrace new technologies.
They are the ones who change their children’s lives for the better.
RCP IMPACT REPORT SEPTEMBER 2020
From left to right: CCM District Chairperson Killian Myenzi, District Commissioner Asia
Abdala, Bishop Dr. Owdenburg Mdegella, Joseph Kakunda, MP, and Dr. Benjamin Makafu.
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COMMUNITY TESTIMONIALS
Zakina's story
I have changed a lot in terms of how I raise
my children. The workshops that we are given
have been very helpful. I always learn
something new and they help us understand
in detail the truth about a lot of things. For
example, I have learned that singing can help
a baby’s brain to grow and think bigger. Since
I attended that workshop, I have been singing
to Winner and playing with her. Sometimes
she even does things I didn’t expect her to do
at her age. I have realized that I have made a
lot of mistakes in raising my previous
children, but I’m glad that I have come to
correct my mistakes through raising Winner
in a different way. Also, the workshop about
STDs opened my eyes. I’m so interested in the
program because it teaches us not only about
the children’s but also parents’ health.
Home visits are really important too. I like
home visits because we share different things
with our caregivers and they always remind
us of what we should be doing as parents to
our children.
I really love everything from the program
including workshops and home visits. This
program is really an advantage for the
community."
ZAKINAKIHWELE, RCP PROGRAM MEMBER
Since we started using the
handwashing station, my family
has never suffered from diarrhea.
I’m also grateful that my child has
never gotten sick from diarrhea
since the day she was born. The
handwashing station has been
very helpful to keep us healthy."
TUMPOKEEKIKOTI, RCP
PROGRAM MEMBER
I am growing spinach. I hope garden
boxes will be very helpful because
we will not be going out to get
vegetables. In that matter, I will be
getting vegetables every day and
throughout the year since they are
very important in our bodies as we
have learned. I appreciate the help
that this program has given to our
children."
SIFA KIFYASI, RCP PROGRAM
MEMBER
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The program has added value to
my life because there were so
many important things I didn’t
know before. Now my life is easier
with this information."
SHARONKAYWANGA, RCP
PROGRAM MEMBER
RCP IMPACT REPORT SEPTEMBER 2020
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One volunteer sitting with 50 women; one volunteer sitting
with a community and a local person around; one volunteer
for 10 days – that brings a lot of change. You throw the stone
at the middle of the well, and it replicates around the
society."
BISHOP DR. OWDENBURG MDEGELLA, ELCT
RCP IMPACT REPORT SEPTEMBER 2020
THE POWER OF VOLUNTEERS
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Short-term volunteers are a renewable resource that, together with locally
empowered people, catalyze long-lasting change.
Parents want to improve the health and well-being of their children; however,
too often they don't have the necessary knowledge to do so. If they have the
knowledge but lack the means to apply it, frustration overcomes momentum.
When parents learn the importance of good nutrition, they must also have the
means available to provide their children a balanced diet. This is where short-
term volunteers come in.
Volunteer professionals transfer relevant knowledge to parents through
workshops and home visits. They also help families increase vegetable,
chicken, and egg production, provide household hand-washing stations, and
help build improved cooking stoves. Health volunteers offer patient care,
assist with deliveries, and perform pre- and post-natal checkups at Global
Volunteers' clinic. And, business professionals help women start village
cooperatives and offer advice on marketing, production, and financial
management. Other volunteers teach in the schools, conduct English
language camps, serve school meals, work in the greenhouse, and help repair
and maintain community buildings.
Public policy is rightly viewed from 30,000 feet because it must envision the
big picture. Short-term volunteers take policy to ground zero – to the one-foot
level where crops are planted, health care is delivered, and children are
taught.
RCP IMPACT REPORT SEPTEMBER 2020
Global Volunteers partners and collaborates
with institutions that want to enrich the lives of
their students, members, and employees by
making a difference in the lives of poor children
and their families in developing communities.
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THE POWER OF PARTNERSHIPS
Community Partners who invite us, identify their needs, offer leadership,
work hand-in-hand with volunteers, embrace new knowledge and
technologies, and adopt habits for change.
Foundations who provide funding and materials to help ensure every child
can reach their potential.
Academic institutions, corporations, faith-based organizations, and
professional associations who offer knowledge, technologies ,and
opportunities for their members, employees, or students to volunteer.
Individual volunteers who serve in the field, invite others to join them, and
financially support ongoing efforts.
The RCP Program is successful because of its many contributing components.
Our Partnership Team consists of:
Each step of the way, no matter what, I walked away with the belief of
just how necessary the work Rise Against Hunger and Global
Volunteers is, not just for Tanzania, but the world. And, the way the
project is set up, you can’t help but want to support it.
SEAN SUTHERLAND, GLOBAL VOLUNTEER
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RCP IMPACT REPORT SEPTEMBER 2020
3
Eliminating stunting
can break the cycle of
poverty – forever!
When stunting is
eliminated, and children
receive continued
educational support,
each can reach their
potential and become
contributing members of
society. Everyone
benefits!
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REPLICABLE AND SCALABLE
The Tanzania RCP demonstration was initiated in Ipalamwa village in 2017,
following Global Volunteers' pilot program in St. Lucia. In 2018, we replicated
the program in Lulindi and Mkalanga villages, and in 2019, started in
neighboring Ukwega and Makungu. We are now conducting the RCP Program
in these five villages, with the goal to add five additional villages in 2021 when
we will serve 1,200 families.
To scale the RCP Program requires funding. Startup costs for all construction,
medical equipment, household technologies, and vehicles to serve 1,200
families (approximately 10 villages) totals about $3.8 million USD. The annual
cost is $1.2 million, or $1,000 for each family of seven ($143 per person).
A reasonable source for the $1,000 per family annual funding is individual
donors contributing $84 per month. Many volunteers already contribute $25
to $400 monthly. The major challenge is the $3.8 million startup. But the
return on this investment is enormous, and will pay for itself multiple times
over.
Global Volunteers is looking for partners who want to invest in the future of
our planet by investing in children so that all may become contributing
members of society and the generational cycle of poverty can finally end.
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RCP IMPACT REPORT SEPTEMBER 2020
Stunting prevention begins with applied
parental knowledge about healthy pregnancies,
child development, food production, disease
prevention, and the value of education.
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The Reaching Children's Potential Program was developed from Global
Volunteers’ Essential Services Prospectus published in 2011 (based on the UN’s
Essential Package), and a pilot project initiated in the impoverished fishing
village of Anse La Raye, St. Lucia in 2012. The pilot built upon a government
effort – the Roving Caregivers Program – which provided mothers support to
enhance early child development primarily through home visits.
Understanding the relationship between nutrition, health, and cognitive
development, Global Volunteers engaged short-term volunteers to expand the
program through parent educational workshops, household container
gardens, and a mothers’ club. In 2014, the government passed the
management of the Roving Caregivers Program to Global Volunteers.
Renamed Reaching Children’s Potential (RCP), Global Volunteers accepted a
request to replicate the program in Tanzania. Based on a 30-year partnership
with the ELCT and at the invitation of Tanzania President Jakaya Kikwete,
Global Volunteers agreed to help address Tanzania’s significant stunting
problem by applying the lessons learned from the St. Lucia pilot. The Tanzania
RCP Demonstration Program started in July 2017.
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RCP IMPACT REPORT
HISTORY OF RCP
SEPTEMBER 2020
From left to right: Global Volunteers co-founder and CEO Bud Philbrook, Bishop Dr.
Owdenburg Mdegella, and Tanzania President Jakaya Kikwete.
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The Tanzania RCP Demonstration Program is
led by local people. Global Volunteers follows
the guidelines required of rigorous research,
including collecting appropriate baseline data,
protecting individuals’ privacy, comparing villages
that are part of the demonstration with similar
villages that are not yet offered the interventions,
and producing statistically significant results.
GLOBAL VOLUNTEERS
Volunteers:
1. Go only where invited.
2. Do only what asked to do.
3. Serve under the direction of local leaders.
4. Work hand-in-hand with local people.
5. Support sustainable community-based projects.
Volunteers are “servant-learners,” working with and learning from local people.
Featured on CNN, CBS Early Show, NBC Today Show, ABC Evening
News, The Oprah Winfrey Show, People Magazine, Newsweek,
Woman’s Day, The Christian Science Monitor, The New York Times, The
L.A. Times, The Boston Globe, Wall Street Journal, and China Daily.
In consultative status with the United Nations ECOSOC.
Focused on community-driven development.
37,000 short-term volunteers
serving on long-term
development projects.
Founded in 1984 as a private, nonprofit, human and economic development
INGO based in St. Paul, MN – USA.
To create, nurture, and sustain the well-
being of the world’s children and their
community, that they might realize the
full promise of their human potential.
To wage peace and promote justice
through mutual international
understanding.
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RCP IMPACT REPORT SEPTEMBER 2020
200+ communities in 36
countries on six continents.
GOAL
MISSION
GUIDING PRINCIPLES
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Service program contributions, individual donors, donor-advised
funds, and foundations support Global Volunteers' RCP Program.
They help pay for nutritious meals for pregnant women and
mothers, micronutrients for infants and toddlers, medicines for the
clinic, textbooks and school meals for students, household
technologies, local and international staff, and so much more.
RCP FUNDING
GuideStar awarded Global Volunteers Platinum Status, their highest level of
recognition, signifying a superior level of transparency. In its first years, RCP
was funded by a generous family foundation, as well as many individual
donors, donor-advised funds, and hundreds of volunteers’ service program
contributions.
Rise Against Hunger, a US-based nonprofit, supplies prepackaged meals and
micronutrient supplements for RCP families and school children.
Revenue Expenses
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RCP IMPACT REPORT SEPTEMBER 2020
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In Africa, stunting is increasing. The World Health
Organization estimates 29% of all of children in Africa
are stunted, and the number of stunted children is
increasing. In rural Tanzania, up to 40% are stunted.
The World Bank estimates that 32% of children in Tanzania are stunted,
and in rural areas, the stunting rate is as high as 40%. This positions
Tanzania’s stunting rate in the top 15% of all countries worldwide.
WHY RCP?
The RCP Program can significantly decrease stunting in months vs.
decades. RCP is a child-focused, parent-driven, family-centered, and
community-led comprehensive approach. All components are
implemented and directed by local people with the assistance and
support of local staff and short-term volunteers. It is replicable and
scalable.
WHY NOW?
Stunting robs children of their future, steals trillions from the world
economy, and is totally preventable. However, it must be addressed
before a child’s second birthday. There is no time to waste. Every
child deserves the opportunity to reach their potential.
WHY TANZANIA?
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RCP IMPACT REPORT SEPTEMBER 2020
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Children have the undeniable right to reach
their full potential. You can help make the
difference. With funding from individuals and
foundations, Global Volunteers will expand the RCP
Program throughout Tanzania, across Africa, and
around the globe – wherever we are invited.
Stunting is tragic on a personal level, but that tragedy touches us all. With one
out of four of the world’s children stunted, we are squandering 25% of our
potential intellectual capital. We cannot afford to do that given all the challenges
facing our world today. Generational poverty, climate change, food insecurity,
pandemics, war, gender and racial inequality, and economic recessions require
all the brainpower we can muster now and well into the future.
UN agencies and other qualified organizations have completed the research
necessary to eliminate stunting. Parents want to improve their children’s lives.
With relevant knowledge, tools, support, and catalytic volunteer assistance, they
can ensure their children reach their God-given potential. That is good for
families, every country, and the planet.
The results reported herein were achieved before all the RCP Program
components and household technologies were in place. When parents have
access to additional knowledge and all the technologies, the stunting rate will
decrease substantially more. Together, we can eliminate stunting.
Global Volunteers knows how to do this. Parents want to do this. Everyone can
help. Every person has a role to play. We invite you to join us in this vital effort.
MESSAGE FROM THE CEO
Burnham Philbrook, JD
Co-Founder and CEO
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